What are Sustainable development goals?

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of 17 global goals established by the United Nations in 2015 with the aim of ending poverty, protecting the planet, and ensuring that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030.

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Facts about MDGs

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of 17 global goals established by the United Nations in 2015 with the aim of ending poverty, protecting the planet, and ensuring that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030. These goals, also known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. They build on the progress made under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and aim to further address the remaining challenges.

The SDGs are interconnected and cover a wide range of issues, including poverty, hunger, health, education, gender equality, clean water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy, decent work and economic growth, industry, innovation and infrastructure, reduced inequalities, sustainable cities and communities, responsible consumption and production, and climate action. The 17 goals are:

  1. No Poverty: to end poverty in all its forms everywhere.
  2. Zero Hunger: to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.
  3. Good Health and Well-being: to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
  4. Quality Education: to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
  5. Gender Equality: to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
  6. Clean Water and Sanitation: to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
  7. Affordable and Clean Energy: to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
  8. Decent Work and Economic Growth: to promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.
  9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure: to build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
  10. Reduced Inequalities: to reduce income inequality within and among countries.
  11. Sustainable Cities and Communities: to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
  12. Responsible Consumption and Production: to ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
  13. Climate Action: to take urgent and ambitious action to combat climate change and its impacts.
  14. Life Below Water: to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
  15. Life On Land: to protect, restore and promote the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, forests, mountains, wetlands, deserts, other lands and bio-diversity.
  16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions: to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
  17. Partnerships for the Goals: to strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

The SDGs are not only important for developing countries, but for all countries, as all countries are facing similar challenges such as inequality, climate change and sustainable development. The SDGs provide an opportunity for countries to work together to achieve a common goal, and to share knowledge and best practices for sustainable development.

One of the key features of the SDGs is that they are integrated and indivisible, meaning that progress on one goal is closely linked to progress on others. For example, ending poverty is closely linked to reducing inequality and promoting sustainable economic growth. Similarly, protecting the planet is closely linked to ensuring that all people have access to clean water and sanitation and to affordable and clean energy.

 

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