In this article you will understand what is the main difference between Special Education, Integrated Education and Inclusive Education. If you are a trainee teacher or enrolled with a some kind of teaching course you must know about these terms and this article going to be most useful for you all. lets start….
The term “Special Need Education” (SNE) has come into use as a replacement for the term “Special Education”.
Special Education refer the education of all those children and youth whose needs arise from disabilities or learning difficulties.
It was based on the assumption that children with disability had some special needs that could not be met in mainstream schools and therefore, they need to study in a separate school with other children having similar needs
Moreover, the concept of “Special Need Education” extends beyond those who may be included in handicapped categories to cover those who are failing in school for a wide variety of other reasons.
Key Facts About Special Education-
- Special education is Costly due to its requirements and setups.
- Special education schools and colleges mostly Charity Oriented.
- Teacher Effectiveness limited to the group.
- Pupil May develop low Self-esteem in Special education.
- Special Educator Special Curriculum Special methodology is required in Special education.
- Limited Opportunities for Participation.
Integrated education emphasises placement of children with disability in mainstream school. The major thrust is on attendance.
The school system remains rigid and as a result very few children with disability are able to cope with the demands of such a rigid system.
This is a system that does not accept many of our children with disability on the basis of not being prepared enough.
Key Facts About Integrated Education-
- Integrated education Cost not so High the child is seen as a problem and not the system.
- In Integrated education pupil with special need is considered to be different from others.
- Pupil with special need cannot learn it is her/his problem.
- Integrated education based on the medical model of disability.
- In Integrated education system Regular Resource Teacher, Specialist Curriculum and Methodology Subject Centred used for all children.
- Teacher Effectiveness Unchanged – Limited to other Children.
- In Integrated education system Rights Recognised not Realised.
Due to Special education and integrated education pupil with special need felt marginalization and exclusion this result in the growth of inferiority complexes among them and their parents/guardians. This leads the vision of “Inclusive Education”.
IE refers to an education system that accommodates all children regardless of their physical, intellectual, social, emotional, linguistic or other conditions.
An inclusive class may have amongst others, children with disability or gifted children, street or working children, children from remote or nomadic populations, children belonging to ethnic, linguistic or cultural minorities or children from other disadvantaged or marginalised groups.
Inclusive Education aims at integrated development of children with special needs and normal children through mainstream schooling.
Inclusive Education is about restructuring the cultures, policies and practices in schools so that they respond to the diversity of students in their locality.
Key Facts About Inclusive Education-
- Inclusive education (IE) is all about effective learning by all children including children with disability.
- Inclusive education is based on the social model of disability.
- Inclusive education emphasizes quality of education, not mere placement in education teacher and other students and system accept pupil with special need by heart and they want equal growth and progress for them.
- Inclusive education considers that if the child is not learning then the system needs to be improved, system having some problems.
- Child Remains as She is, Rights Recognised and Actualised.
- Equal Opportunities for Participation.
- Teacher Effectiveness in including all in the Learning Process.
- Curriculum and Methodology Child Centered Constructivist.